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Published on September 21st, 2021 | by Newt Rayburn

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Gentlemen`s Agreement Us And Japan

While the U.S. ambassador reassured the Japanese government, Roosevelt summoned the mayor and school administration of San Francisco to the White House in February 1907 and convinced them to repeal the segregation order and promised that the federal government would tackle the immigration issue itself. On February 24, the gentlemen`s agreement was reached with Japan in the form of a Japanese note in which it was agreed to deny passports to workers who wanted to enter the United States and to recognize the right of the United States to exclude Japanese immigrants holding passports originally issued to other countries. This was followed by the formal withdrawal of the order of the San Francisco School Board on March 13, 1907. A final Japanese note of 18 February 1908 made the gentlemen`s agreement fully effective. The agreement was replaced by the 1924 law excluding immigration. A year later, concessions were agreed in a score of six points. The agreement was followed by the reception of students of Japanese origin in public schools. The adoption of the 1907 agreement stimulated the arrival of “brides of images”, marriages of convenience concluded remotely by photographs.

[11] By creating remote marital bonds, women who wanted to emigrate to the United States could obtain passports and Japanese workers in America could earn a partner of their own nationality. [11] Because of this provision, which helped close the gender gap within the Community from a ratio of 7 men to every woman in 1910 to less than 2 to 1 by 1920, the Japanese-American population continued to grow despite the restrictions imposed by the Immigration Agreement. . . .


About the Author

Newt Rayburn founded THE LOCAL VOICE in 2006. Previously, Newt was Editor of PROFANE EXISTENCE in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Art Director for Ole Miss' LIVING BLUES magazine. Newt won a National Magazine Award in 1999 for his SOUTHERN MUSIC ISSUE with THE OXFORD AMERICAN. A seventh-generation Lafayette County, Mississippian, Newt is perhaps best known as the leader of the Mississippi RocknRoll band THE COOTERS, but he also has the Country & Southern Rock group, HAWGWASH. Newt is a Photographer, Writer, and Civil War Enthusiast.



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